A to Z Challenge

Q is for Quetzalcoatl, Meso-American God of Wind and Wisdom – A to Z Mythology

My theme for the “A to Z Challenge” is World Mythology.A2Z-BADGE 2016-smaller_zpslstazvib

My A to Z posts will run concurrently with my usual posts. I hope they spark your curiosity. I find it fascinating how so many stories crossed the boundaries of countries and even oceans.


Q is for Quetzalcoatl, god of wind and wisdom

220px-Teotihuacan_Feathered_Serpent_(Jami_Dwyer)
Feathered Serpent head at the Ciudadela complex in Teotihuacan (Wikipedia)

Quetzalcoatl is, “… one of the most important gods in ancient Mesoamerica. The god known as the Plumed Serpent is a mix of bird and rattle snake …. a  feathered spirit or serpent who dates back to the Postclassic period (900-1519 AD) in Aztec mythology.” (Ancient History Encycolopedia)

“To the Aztecs, Quetzalcoatl was, as his name indicates, a feathered serpent, a flying reptile (much like a dragon), who was a boundary-maker (and transgressor) between earth and sky. He was a creator

Temple of the Feathered Serpent at Xochicalco, adorned with a fully zoomorphic feathered Serpent. (Wikipedia)
Temple of the Feathered Serpent at Xochicalco, adorned with a fully zoomorphic feathered Serpent. (Wikipedia)

deity having contributed essentially to the creation of Mankind. He also had anthropomorphic forms…” (Wikipedia)

Here are several popular myths describing how Quetzalcoalt came to be. He was:

  • born by a virgin, Chimalman, to whom the god Onteol appeared in a dream
  • born by the virgin Chimalman who conceived by swallowing an emerald
  • born by the virgin Chimalman who conceived when she was hit in the womb by an arrow shot by Mixcoatl
  • born from Coatlicue, who already had four hundred children who formed the stars of the Milky Way

Quetzalcoalt’s Role in the Ruin of the Aztec Empire

Many historians believe that the Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II believed that when the Spanish invaders led by Hernan Cortes arrived in 1519, it was Quetzalcoatl’s return. Cortes encouraged that belief. The researchers believe that is why the Aztecs welcomed the strangers and were so easily taken advantage of. Other scholars disagree.


Reference:

Wikipedia

Encycolopedia Brittanica

Ancient History Encyclopedia


 

DO YOU WANT MORE?

Go to my 2016 A to Z Challenge page to see my other posts on world mythology.

 

 

One thought on “Q is for Quetzalcoatl, Meso-American God of Wind and Wisdom – A to Z Mythology

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s