My theme for the “A to Z Challenge” is World Mythology.
My A to Z posts will run concurrently with my usual posts. I hope they spark your curiosity. I find it fascinating how so many stories crossed the boundaries of countries and even oceans.
Q is for Quetzalcoatl, god of wind and wisdom
Quetzalcoatl is, “… one of the most important gods in ancient Mesoamerica. The god known as the Plumed Serpent is a mix of bird and rattle snake …. a feathered spirit or serpent who dates back to the Postclassic period (900-1519 AD) in Aztec mythology.” (Ancient History Encycolopedia)
“To the Aztecs, Quetzalcoatl was, as his name indicates, a feathered serpent, a flying reptile (much like a dragon), who was a boundary-maker (and transgressor) between earth and sky. He was a creator
deity having contributed essentially to the creation of Mankind. He also had anthropomorphic forms…” (Wikipedia)
Here are several popular myths describing how Quetzalcoalt came to be. He was:
- born by a virgin, Chimalman, to whom the god Onteol appeared in a dream
- born by the virgin Chimalman who conceived by swallowing an emerald
- born by the virgin Chimalman who conceived when she was hit in the womb by an arrow shot by Mixcoatl
- born from Coatlicue, who already had four hundred children who formed the stars of the Milky Way
Quetzalcoalt’s Role in the Ruin of the Aztec Empire
Many historians believe that the Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II believed that when the Spanish invaders led by Hernan Cortes arrived in 1519, it was Quetzalcoatl’s return. Cortes encouraged that belief. The researchers believe that is why the Aztecs welcomed the strangers and were so easily taken advantage of. Other scholars disagree.
DO YOU WANT MORE?
Go to my 2016 A to Z Challenge page to see my other posts on world mythology.